Mattresses with a medical device, also known as anti-decubitus orthopedic mattresses, are designed to redistribute and relieve the contact pressure exerted by our body on the supporting surface. These must intervene effectively on extrinsic causes, guaranteeing three fundamental things:
– The reduction of contact pressure.
– The reduction of frictional forces and stretching forces.
– Maintaining a correct posture.
To prevent the formation of bedsores in people forced to stay in bed for a long period, it is essential to have an adequate anti-decubitus mattress: this is a medical aid whose goal is to reduce the body pressure in contact with the bed surface.
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Opting for a medical device rather than another is not easy since there is more than one medical device model, each with different material and features. However, as always with regard to the choice, various factors must be taken into consideration: the weight of the person using it, the physical structure, the level of mobility, the ease of maintenance.
We specify what are the bedsores and why they are formed. These are lesions of the dermis and the deeper tissues that arise in patients bedridden for prolonged periods. These lesions are formed due to the pressure exerted by the body on the mattress, mainly at the bones. The patients most at risk are those who are bedridden, and for this reason, it is clear how important it is to have an anti-decubitus mattress.
This type of mattress reduces the risks of decubitus, thanks to an adequate and breathable structure. The medical device mattresses can be of different types of material, but all must comply with regulations before being certified as such.
The materials mainly used for the realization of these products are in Memory Foam, foamed with water, water mattresses, air bubble mattresses, and some mattresses with springs or with a memory foam base in the structure and finally some latex mattresses.
The Memory Foam mattress combined with water-based foam ensures good skin transpiration and excellent comfort during long periods of bedding, and the various layers that make up the mattress are composed of different densities and it is precisely for this reason that they succeed in guarantee ergonomic support to the body.